Armenia is a country and former Soviet republic located between Asia and Europe in the rugged Caucasus area. It is one of the earliest Christian civilizations, distinguished by religious buildings such as the Greco-Roman Temple of Garni and the 4th-century Etchmiadzin Cathedral, which serves as the Armenian Church’s headquarters. The Khor Virap Monastery is a pilgrimage site near Mount Ararat, a dormant volcano in Turkey.

The Armenian language is an Indo-European language and the official language of Armenia. Historically spoken in the Armenian Highlands, Armenian is now widely spoken throughout the Armenian diaspora.

The Armenian alphabet, introduced in 405 AD by the priest Mesrop Mashtots, is used to write Armenian.

During the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the current Republic of Armenia gained independence.

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